VF_multiLinfit VD_multiLinfit VE_multiLinfit
VF_multiLinfitwW VD_multiLinfitwW VE_multiLinfitwW
Functionfit multiple X-Y data sets to a common model function, linear in its parameters
Syntax C/C++#include <MFstd.h>
int VF_multiLinfit( fVector A, iVector AStatus, unsigned npars, VF_EXPERIMENT *ListOfExperiments, unsigned nexperiments,
void (*funcs)(fVector BasFuncs, float x,unsigned nfuncs, unsigned iexperiment) );

int VF_multiLinfitwW( fVector A, fMatrix Covar, iVector AStatus, unsigned npars, VF_EXPERIMENT *ListOfExperiments, unsigned nexperiments,
void (*funcs)(fVector BasFuncs, float x, unsigned nfuncs, unsigned iexperiment) );

Pascal/Delphiuses MFstd;
function VF_multiLinfit( A:fVector; AStatus:iVector; nParameters:UInt; ListOfExperiments: PVF_EXPERIMENT; nexperiments:UInt; funcs: Pointer ): IntBool;

function VF_multiLinfitwW( A:fVector; Covar:fMatrix; AStatus:iVector; nParameters:UInt; ListOfExperiments:PVF_EXPERIMENT; nexperiments:UInt; funcs:Pointer ): IntBool;

DescriptionThe input data, contained in ListOfExperiments, are used to evaluate the parameters ai of a general linear function,
y = a0f0(x) + a1f1(x) + a2f2(x)...
The parameters ai are returned in the vector A.

Avector of size npars; returns the coefficients
Covarmatrix of dimensions [npars, npars]; returns the covariances of the coefficients
AStatusvector of size npars; decides which parameters are treated as free or as fixed
nparstotal number of parameters
ListOfExperimentsinput data, see chap. 13.4
nexperimentsnumber of data sets in ListOfExperiments
funcsuser-defined model function
Your model function may actually contain more parameters than you wish to treat as adjustable. This is why you have to provide an additional vector, AStatus, which contains the necessary information about which parameters are to be held fixed at their input values (AStatus[i] = 0) and which are free (AStatus[i] = 1). Any fixed parameters must be initialized in A prior to calling VF_multiLinfit. The argument npars denotes the total number of parameters in A (not only the free parameters!).

The input data must be combined into sets of the type VF_EXPERIMENT. Assuming you have two sets of X-Y data, contained in the vectors X1, Y1 (and, for VF_multiLinfitwW, InvVar1) of size1 elements, and X2, Y2 (and InvVar2) of size2 elements, you have to construct a list of experiments as in the following example:

Constructing list of experiments in C/C++ VF_EXPERIMENT ExpList[2];
ExpList[0].X = X1;  ExpList[0].Y = Y1;  ExpList[0].size = size1;
ExpList[1].X = X2;  ExpList[1].Y = Y2;  ExpList[1].size = size2;
/* for the weighted variant, set additionally: */
ExpList[0].InvVar = InvVar1;  ExpList[0].WeightOfExperiment = wt1;
ExpList[1].InvVar = InvVar2;  ExpList[1].WeightOfExperiment = wt2;
Constructing list of experiments in Pascal/Delphi var ExpList: array[0..1] of VF_EXPERIMENT;
  ExpList[0].X := X1;  ExpList[0].Y := Y1;  
  ExpList[0].size := size1;
  ExpList[1].X := X2;  ExpList[1].Y := Y2;  
  ExpList[1].size := size2;
    (* for the weighted variant, set additionally: *)
  ExpList[0].InvVar := InvVar1;  
  ExpList[0].WeightOfExperiment := wt1;
  ExpList[1].InvVar := InvVar2;  
  ExpList[1].WeightOfExperiment := wt2;


Both C/C++ and Pascal/Delphi You must provide a model function "funcs" which, for any argument x, must calculate the individual basis functions fi(x) and store them in a vector BasFuncs. The model function has to be defined as
Model function for C/C++ void MyFunc( fVector BasFuncs, float x, unsigned nfuncs, unsigned iexperiment )
  BasFuncs[0] = f0( x );
  BasFuncs[1] = f1( x);

and shall be passed to VF_multiLinfit by calling
VF_multiLinfit( A, AStatus, npars, ExpList, 2, MyFunc );
Model function for Pascal/Delphi procedure MyFunc( BasFuncs:fVector; x:Single; nfuncs, iexperiment:UInt );
  VF_Pelement( BasFuncs, 0 )^ := f0( x );
  VF_Pelement( BasFuncs, 1 )^ := f1( x );

This model function shall be passed to VF_multiLinfit by calling
VF_multiLinfit( A, AStatus, npars, @ExpList, 2, @MyFunc );
Note the address-of operators in front of "ExpList" (static Pascal array passed to OptiVec function) and "MyFunc." (pointer to the function MyFunc). In Turbo Pascal, the model function must be compiled with the Force-Far-Calls option {$F+}.
Both C/C++ and Pascal/Delphi

The argument iexperiment with which MyFunc shall be called by VF_multiLinfit allows to distinguish between parameters that are common to all experiments and others that belong to individual experiments. For example, each experiment's Y values might be shifted by a constant C. In this case, A has to contain as many shifts C as there are experiments. In MyFunc, you would have to code this as (in C/C++; you will easily translate this into Pascal/Delphi):
  if( iexperiment == 0 ) { BasFuncs[2] = 1; BasFuncs[3] = 0; }
  else {BasFuncs[2] = 0; BasFuncs[3] = 1; }

The functions f0( x ) etc. must not contain the parameters ai. In the weighted variant, the matrix MCovar will be filled with the covariances of the parameters ai on output: MCovari,j = covariance( ai, aj ).

Internally, VF_multiLinfit employs a Singular Value Decomposition algorithm to obtain a solution even for (near-)singular linear systems. Thereby, coefficients ai whose significance is lower than a threshold, Thresh, are set to 0 instead of infinity. This threshold can be modified by calling VF_setLinfitNeglect. The current threshold can be retrieved by VF_getLinfitNeglect.

In the rare case of failure, this function returns 1 (TRUE) and sets all A[i] = 0.

Return valueFALSE (0), if no error occurred, otherwise TRUE (non-zero).
See alsoMF_linfit,   VF_nonlinfit,   chapter 13,  FITDEMO*.*

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